Thomas Pools & Spas > News > Pool & Spa > What Are the Steps to Pool Construction?
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Having your own swimming pool can be an exciting endeavor. Not only does it provide a space for recreation and relaxation, but it also adds value to your property. But where do you start? The pool construction process, while intricate, is much smoother with proper planning and a step-by-step approach.

Preliminary Planning

Determining Your Purpose

Why are you building a pool? Understanding your primary goal – be it recreation, exercise, or aesthetics – will significantly influence the rest of your decisions.


Building a pool is an investment. Knowing your budget can help in making informed decisions about the size, type, and features of your pool.

Choosing a Location

Think about sunlight exposure – you’ll want your pool to be sunlit most of the day. Also, consider how close trees are (to avoid too many fallen leaves) and how accessible the site is for construction equipment.

Design and Blueprint

Selecting a Pool Type

There are many choices out there – in-ground, above-ground, natural, traditional, saltwater, or chlorine. Each has its pros and cons, dependent on your needs and preferences.

Size and Shape Considerations

Match the size and shape to the available space and the pool’s primary users. Will children be using it? Or is it more for adult relaxation?

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Special Features

Slides, waterfalls, diving boards, and ambient lighting can elevate your pool from basic to spectacular. Just remember to account for these in your budget.

Acquiring Necessary Permits

Legal Clearance

Always ensure you have the correct permissions. This not only avoids potential fines but ensures your pool meets safety standards.

Consulting Local Building Codes

Different regions have specific regulations. By ensuring your design is compliant, you save on potential modifications later on.


The Digging Process

It’s fascinating to see your backyard transform as the excavation team gets to work. They’ll remove soil, level the site, and prepare it for the next steps.

Safety Measures

During excavation, ensure that the dug site remains stable and that there’s no risk of landslides or other hazards.

Laying the Foundation

Type of Foundations

Whether you choose sand, concrete, or a blend, this layer will be the base on which your pool sits.


A level foundation ensures a pool without unexpected depths or uneven flooring. It’s a vital step in ensuring a professional finish.

Pool Construction

Installing Walls and Liners

Materials vary from vinyl to fiberglass and concrete. Each offers different advantages in terms of longevity, maintenance, and cost.

Setting up Plumbing

This is where skilled professionals come in. They’ll set up the pipes, filters, and pumps to ensure clean and circulating water.

Electrical Work

From lighting up your pool at night to heating systems for those cooler days, proper electrical setup is crucial.

Pool Finishing

Choosing the Right Finish

Whether you opt for plaster, pebble, or tile, your choice will impact the pool’s aesthetic appeal and its lifespan.

Aesthetics and Durability

The finish not only dictates the look of your pool but also its resistance to wear and tear. Choose wisely!

Water Filling and Balancing

Filling the Pool

Once construction is complete, it’s time to fill your pool. Ensure you’re using clean water, preferably treated to avoid any immediate chemical imbalances.

Chemical Balancing

The right balance of pH levels, chlorine, and other chemicals is crucial to maintain a clean and safe swimming environment.

Final Inspections and Safety Measures

Pool Inspection

Once filled, it’s essential to have an expert inspect the pool to ensure everything functions as it should and meets safety standards.

Installing Safety Features

Consider incorporating fences, alarms, or other safety measures, especially if you have young children.

Regular Maintenance and Care

Skimmers, vacuums, and chemical treatments help maintain the pristine condition of your pool.

Periodic Checkups

Just as with any other significant investment, ensure regular checkups on pumps, filters, and other equipment.


Building a swimming pool is no minor task. But by understanding each step in the pool construction process, you’ll be better equipped to make informed decisions, ensuring your pool not only looks fantastic but stands the test of time. And remember, always seek professional advice when in doubt.

Author: Thomas Pools & Spas

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